Buying a firearm is a significant decision that comes with legal responsibilities and requirements, especially in a state like Illinois. As a first-time buyer, you should be prepared to present the proper documentation at the time of purchase. 

Keep reading to learn about what you need to purchase a gun in Illinois, from eligibility requirements to the purchasing process.

Familiarize yourself with the state and federal gun laws. 

Gun laws vary from state to state. Illinois is one state known to have stricter regulations. Generally, Illinois law prohibits the possession, purchase, or carrying of firearms without a valid Firearm Owner’s Identification (FOID) card. Additionally, certain firearms, such as assault weapons and large-capacity magazines, are restricted or banned altogether. Review the requirements before purchasing a gun.

Determine if you qualify before you apply for your FOID card.

In Illinois, you must be at least 18 years old to purchase a long gun, such as a rifle or shotgun, and 21 to purchase a handgun. 

FOID cards are native to Illinois, so you must be an Illinois resident, an active duty military member stationed in the state, or employed in Illinois with a job that requires a weapon. 

In Illinois, you need a valid FOID card to carry a concealed weapon. Out-of-state concealed carry identification is not accepted unless you are just passing through.

If you are an individual with felony convictions or certain misdemeanor offenses, like domestic violence, you are prohibited from owning or possessing firearms. Additionally, people with a history of mental illness are not able to obtain a FOID card to purchase a gun legally. 

How to purchase a gun in Illinois.

First, you must obtain your FOID card before you can legally buy a gun. Your FOID card serves as proof that you are eligible to possess firearms and ammunition in the state. 

To apply for a FOID card, you must submit an application online, pay a fee, and pass a background check. Once approved, the FOID card is valid for ten years, after which you must renew it. 

To buy a gun, you must purchase one from a dealer that has a Federal Firearm License. Any licensed gun shop can sell you a gun legally and walk you through the process. 

Before purchasing, you must undergo a background check conducted by the Illinois State Police. This check verifies your eligibility to possess firearms under state and federal law.

Illinois law imposes a 72-hour waiting period for all firearm purchases, excluding weekends and holidays. This waiting period allows for the completion of the background check and helps prevent impulsive gun purchases. Once the waiting period has elapsed and the background check is clear, you can complete the purchase and take possession of your firearm.

Whether you obtain a gun through a dealer, gun show, or private seller, it’s important that the sale complies with local and federal laws to avoid any legal ramifications. 

Purchase your next gun at Leo’s Guns and Range. 

Leo’s Guns and Range is a licensed firearm dealer and we are happy to help you find the best gun for your needs. Our knowledgeable staff will walk you through the purchasing process to ensure you have all the appropriate documentation before selling you a firearm.

We have a spacious indoor range where you can practice with different firearms before you commit to buying yours. Plus, we have a store full of supplies, ammunition, clothing, and accessories to support your purchase. 

Visit us today at 7307 Edward Dr. in Loves Park, Illinois. Book your time today by calling 779-210-7227 or visiting our website to learn more about us.